Supernatural Entities in Anime

Supernatural beings. Entities. Yokai. Demons. Gods. Spirites. Dieties. Magic. They all fall under the umbrella of supernatural creatures that are not part of our regular world.

Each area of the world has their own specific monsters and some cross over. Many are familiar with the beings of Roman and Greek Mythology, but you also have traditional ‘Westernized’ monsters that hale from all over Europe, especially Romania (Transylvania the forested region), Ireland, Scotland, and Italy. There are also beings that are unique to parts of Asian cultures, especially in Japan and China. There are even those that are religious based (Pagan, Christianity).  This article is going to explore many of those to help bring an understanding of what is going on in an Anime/Manga.  It will be a basic introduction to many of the thousands of supernatural creatures that exist in Japanese Folklore.  We are going to focus mainly on those that have appeared in Anime/Manga so far. As more are put into those mediums, we will add to our page.  Feel free to post on our forums if you have more to add to our list.


Monster Musume monmusu collection from the end of the episodes

Yokai / Youkai – are a class of supernatural monsters in Japanese folklore. The word yōkai is made up of the kanji for “bewitching; attractive; calamity” and “apparition; mystery; suspicious”. They can also be called ayakashi, mononoke, or mamono. Yōkai range eclectically from the malevolent to the mischievous, or occasionally bring good fortune to those who encounter them. Often they possess animal features (such as the Kappa, which is similar to a turtle, or the Tengu which has wings), other times they can appear mostly human, some look like inanimate objects and others have no discernible shape. Yōkai usually have a spiritual supernatural power, with shapeshifting being one of the most common. Yōkai that have the ability to shapeshift are called obake. Japanese folklorists and historians use yōkai as “supernatural or unaccountable phenomena to their informants”.

The terms Yoma / Yōma / Youma , Bakemono, Monsuta, and Kaibutsu are also used to identify monsters in Japan. Kaijuu is a monstrous “beast”. Obake means goblin, Yajuu is beast, monster or wild animal. Kaiju is a Japanese film genre that features monsters, usually attacking a major Japanese city, engaging other monsters in battle, attacking the globe, etc.

 

Oni – are a kind of yōkai from Japanese folklore, variously translated as demons, devils, ogres or trolls. They are popular characters in Japanese art, literature and theatre.

 

Therianthropy – Transform from human into animal, etc.  Animorphism, shapeshifting. – article

  • Therianthropy refers to the fantastical, or mythological, ability of some humans to change into animals. Therianthropes are said to change forms via shapeshifting. Therianthropy has long existed in mythology, and seems to be depicted in ancient cave drawings such as The Sorcerer, a pictograph executed at the neolithic cave drawings found in the Pyrénées at the Les Trois Frères, France, archeological site.
  • Theriocephaly refers to beings which simultaneously share human and non-human animal traits. For example, the animal-headed humanoid forms of gods depicted in ancient Egyptian religion (such as Ra, Sobek, Anubis). Mythological creatures such as centaurs and mermaids exhibit theriocephaly.

 

Animals

  • Foxes – Kitsune
      • Bakemono-Kitsune – a name for a sorcerer or evil fox usually as a Reiko, Kiko or Koryo i.e. some sort of non-physical fox
      • Genko– black fox, usually seen as a good omen
      • Kiko – spirit fox, see Reiko
      • Koryo – haunting fox, see Reiko
      • Kuda-gitsune – A small fox-like animal used in sorcery
      • Kuko – air fox, very bad kitsune, considered on the same level as Tengu (Japanese goblins)
      • Reiko – ghost fox, perhaps not on the ‘evil’ side but definitely a ‘bad’ fox.
      • Shakko – red fox, could be considered good or evil, the same as Kitsune really
      • Tamamo-no-Mae – A wicked nine-tailed fox who appeared as a courtesan
      • Tenko – celestial fox, kitsune which have reached the age of 1,000 years, they are usually said to have 9 tails (and sometimes are said to have golden fur) but they are either considered very evil such as Tamamo-no-mae or benevolent and wise such as messengers to Inari
      • Yako/Yakan – A small fox like spirit that possess someone
      • Youko / Yōko – The generic term for the Inari, Kudagitsune, and Osaki classes of spirit foxes. Represented by the nine tailed fox, many have very strong supernatural energy. Also, when they beat their tails together, they create something known as “kitsunebi” (fox fire) and completely burn any human who does them harm.
      • Myobu, Myōbu – a title given to kitsune by ladies of the court with the same rank or higher. Myobu was often used to describe the kitsune who were faithful to Inari. These kitsune are often white or other lighter colors.
      • Nogitsune – Wild fox, used at one time to differ between good and bad foxes. At the time they used ‘kitsune’ to mean a good fox/messenger from Inari and nogitsune as all foxes who did mischief and tricked people. Not really considered evil, more like prankish. A kitsune who did not follow Inari are often referred to as Nogitsune. They are often black or red. They are generally more mischievous than their Myobu brethren, and seem to have more interactions with humans.
      • Kitsunetsuki / Kitsune-tsuki – means to be possessed by a fox
      • kitsune no yomeiri – Rain falling on a clear day, a sunshower, is said to be the Fox’s Wedding Day
  • Raccoons – Tanuki which also means Raccoon Dog
    • Inugami Gyoubu – A type of tanuki. Also called Gyoubu-danuki or bake-danuki
    • Shibaemon-tanuki – One of the 3 famous tanuki of Japan
    • Yashima no Hage-tanuki – One of the 3 famous tanuki of Japan
    • Danzaburou-danuki – One of the 3 famous tanuki of Japan
    • Morinji-no-kama / Bunbuku Chagama – the tanuki teakettle
  • Kappas – alternatively called Kawatarō, Komahiki, Kawako, or Kahaku (河伯), are a yōkai found in Japanese folklore, and also a cryptid. Their name comes from a mixture of the word “kawa” (river) and “wappo,” an inflection of “waraba” (child). In Shintō they are considered to be one of many suijin, their yorishiro, or one of their temporary appearances. A hair-covered variation of a Kappa is called a Hyōsube. There are more than eighty other names associated with the kappa in different regions which include Kawappa, Gawappa, Kōgo, Mizushi, Mizuchi, Enkō, Kawaso, Suitengu, and Dangame. Along with the oni and the tengu, they are one of the most well-known yōkai in Japan.Kappa are similar to Finnish Näkki, Scandinavian/Germanic Näck/Neck, Slavian Vodník and Scottish Kelpie in that all have been used to scare children of dangers lurking in waters. It has been suggested that the kappa legends are based on the Japanese giant salamander or “hanzaki”, an aggressive salamander which grabs its prey with its powerful jaws.
  • Tengu – the tengu were originally thought to take the forms of birds of prey, and they are traditionally depicted with both human and avian characteristics. They take their name from a dog-like Chinese demon (Tiangou). Guhin – Another name for tengu. Some call them Crow Tengu.
    • Daitengu – The most powerful Tengu, each of whom lives on a separate mountain
    • Sōjōbō – The famous Daitengu of Mount Kurama.
    • Konoha-tengu – A bird-like Tengu.
    • Karasu-tengu – Crow demon
    • Yatagarasu – The three-legged crow of Amaterasu.

    Daitengu are often pictured in a more human-like form than their underlings, and due to their long noses, they may also called hanatakatengu. Kotengu may conversely be depicted as more bird-like. They are sometimes called Karasu-Tengu, or koppa- or konoha-tengu. Inoue Enryō described two kinds of tengu in his Tenguron: the great daitengu, and the small, bird-like konoha-tengu who live in Cryptomeria trees. The konoha-tengu are noted in a book from 1746 called the Shokoku Rijin Dan, as bird-like creatures with wings two meters across which were seen catching fish in the Ōi River, but this name rarely appears in literature otherwise.

    Creatures that do not fit the classic bird or yamabushi image are sometimes called tengu. For example, tengu in the guise of wood-spirits may be called guhin (occasionally written kuhin), but this word can also refer to tengu with canine mouths or other features. The people of Kōchi Prefecture on Shikoku believe in a creature called shibaten or shibatengu, but this is a small childlike being who loves sumō wrestling and sometimes dwells in the water, and is generally considered one of the many kinds of kappa. Another water-dwelling tengu is the kawatengu of the Greater Tokyo Area. This creature is rarely seen, but it is believed to create strange fireballs and be a nuisance to fishermen

  • Cats – Neko
    • Bakeneko – a shape-shifting cat
    • Kasha – A cat-like demon that descends from the sky and carries away corpses
    • Nekomata – a cat yokai
    • Byakko – White Tiger. It is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations and is sometimes called the White Tiger of the West.
  • Other: wolf, frog, bear, snake, weasel, catfish, chicken, birds, crow, badger, dog, squid,


Dragons

See Articlehttp://sevac.studiojab.com/dragons-in-anime/

  • Wyvern – A type of dragon whose two front legs have become wings. It is smaller than a real dragon, and its intelligence and battle strength is also lower, but it is still bad news. It uses its poisonous tail to attack.
  • Tarasque – is a fearsome legendary dragon-like mythological hybrid from Provence, in southern France, tamed in a story about Saint Martha. The Tarasque was a sort of dragon with a lion’s head, six short legs like a bear’s, an ox-like body covered with a turtle shell, and a scaly tail that ended in a scorpion’s sting. – article

 

Gods & Goddesses / Diety (Dieties)

  • land gods
  • Izanami / Izanami no Mikoto (“Exalted Female”)
  • Izanagi / Izanagi no Mikoto (“Exalted Male”)
  • Kagutsuchi
  • Amaterasu (incarnation of the sun)
  • Tsukuyomi (incarnation of the moon)
  • Susanoo (incarnation of storms)
  • Ame-no-Uzume-no-mikoto
  • Sarutahiko Ōkami
  • Takemikazuchi
  • Watatsumi, sea god, often called Ryūjin or Dragon God.
  • Haruka Nanase, Iwatobi deity of any body of water, most preferably those large enough to contain a human body.
  • Tuatha Dé Danann – a race of supernaturally gifted people who are also sometimes called Fairies. – article
  • Roman Mythological Gods, Goddesses
  • Greek Mythological Gods, Goddesses
  • Pagan dieties

 

Angel(s) and Fallen Angel(s) – ……

  • Flugel / Angel


Fairy / Fairies / Faerie – 
…….

  • Yōsei – The Japanese word for “fairy”, a bewitching spirit – article
  • Titania, Queen of the Faeries – A character from Shakespeare’s play A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
  • Orebron, Fairy King
  • Niamh – one of the Queens of Tir Na Nog
  • A fairy (also fay, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, “realm of the fays”) is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural. – article
  • Tir na nog – Tír na nÓg ([tʲiːɾˠ n̪ˠə ˈn̪ˠoːɡ]; “Land of the Young”) or Tír na hÓige (“Land of Youth”), Otherworld. Other Old Irish names for the Otherworld include Tír Tairngire (“Land of Promise/Promised Land”), Tír fo Thuinn (“Land under the Wave”), Mag Mell (“Plain of Delight/Delightful Plain”),  Ildathach (“Multicoloured place”), and Emain Ablach (the Isle of Apple Trees).
  • Fairyland, Land of the Fairies; The Scots word elfame or elphyne “fairyland” has other variant forms, attested in Scottish witch trials, but Elf-hame or Elphame with the -hame stem (meaning “home” in Scots) were conjectural readings by Pitcairn. – article
  • Classification of fairies: Seelie (light) and Unseelie (dark) Courts – article
  • Aos Sí – is the Irish term for a supernatural race in Irish and Scottish, comparable to the fairies or elves. – article
  • Yakshini – Resemble fairies. Are mythical beings of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology. – article
  • Spriggan – Act as a fairy body guards. Often called Dark or Fallen Fairies. – article
  • Arkan Sonney – Fairy creature resembling a pig with long hairs.
  • Changeling – Fairy child that had been left in place of a human child stolen by the fairies.
  • Clurichaun Irish fairy resembling a leprechaun.
  • Dullahan Irish unseelie fairy, headless rider.
  • Imp – A mischievous mythological being similar to a fairy or goblin.
  • Korrigan – In Breton folklore, a Korrigan ([kɔˈriːɡɑ̃n]) is a fairy or dwarf-like spirit.
  • Pookha / Puck – A domestic and nature sprite, demon, or fairy.
  • Redcap – A malevolent, murderous dwarf, goblin, elf or fairy found in Border Folklore.
  • Tennin – spiritual beings found in Japanese Buddhism that are similar to western angels, nymphs or fairies.
  • Vila (fairy) Slavic version of nymphs, with power of wind


Yūrei
– Ghosts. Are figures in Japanese folklore, analogous to Western legends of ghosts. The name consists of two kanji, 幽 (yū), meaning “faint” or “dim” and 霊 (rei), meaning “soul” or “spirit.” Alternative names include 亡霊 (Bōrei) meaning ruined or departed spirit, 死霊 (Shiryō) meaning dead spirit, or the more encompassing 妖怪 (Yōkai) or お化け (Obake).
Like their Chinese and Western counterparts, they are thought to be spirits kept from a peaceful afterlife.

Spirites – are…..

  • Dyrad is a tree nymph, or tree spirit
  • Ameonna – A rain-making female spirit.
  • water spirit – Vodyanoi, Kelpie
  • Nix – German shape-shifting water spirit
  • fire spirit
  • Salamander – Fire spirit or elemental.
  • air spirit – Aerials
  • Sylph – A mythological spirit of the air
  • earth spirit
  • Vetter – Nature spirits
  • sometimes called a Fairy
  • Brownie
  • Bannik
  • Domovoi – Protective house spirit in Slavic folklore.
  • Kikimora – Female house spirit in Slavic (especially Eastern) mythology.
  • Dryad, A tree nymph or tree spirit.
  • Haltija, A spirit, gnome, or elf-like creature in Finnish mythology that guards, helps, or protects something or somebody.

 

A sprite is a supernatural legendary creature. They are often depicted as fairy, ghost and/or elf-like creatures


Familiars
– are generally animals or creatures associated with Witches or Magical Girls. “an animal guide which assists them while they practice magic or witchcraft. In western mythology, witches are thought to gain their power through worshipping malevolent spirits like the Devil. But in Japan, the concept of familiars defines witchcraft, because they the source of the witches’ power.” – article

 

Mages:
Wizard vs Sorcerer
– as best said in Ancient Magus’s Bride, “A Wizard uses magic by converting internal energy into magic. A Sorcerer uses magic by absorbing ambient magic.” Magic vs Spells as told by Angelica: “Wizards uses spells in the name of Science. Magic, which sorcerers and witches use is a ‘miracle’ that is brought about by borrowing the powers from faeries, spirits, ghosts, and demons.” “Wizards create a ‘result’ by understanding the rule, thus rearranging or rewritting it with their powers. Sorcerers can create a ‘result’ like wizards by borrowing the powers of a non-human to interfere with the rule.”

Witches / Magical Girls – generally young teenage girls who are granted magical powers to defend good. Can also be guys. Witches are generally older women. More details just on this type here.

Druid(s) – A druid (Old Irish: druí; Welsh: derwydd) was a member of the educated, professional class among the Celtic people during the Iron Age. The druid class included law-speakers, poets and doctors, among other learned professions, although the best known among the druids were the religious leaders.  In anime and manga, they are considered being with magical abilities and are close with nature.



Traditional Monsters
(from the Western World and Europe mainly)

  • Vampires 
  • Werewolves / Lyncanthrope
  • Zombies / Undead
  • Ghouls
  • Ghosts – Gwisin, general term for ghost in Korea.


Misc.  –
article

  • soot sprites
  • beast men / werebeast – werefox, werewolf, werecat, lizardman, werehyena, etc.
  • Shinigamis
  • grim reaper
  • spider monster – Tsuchigumo (males) or spider man / Jorōgumo (females) or spider woman, also known as a Spider Monster
  • centaur (part human, part horse)
  • Minotaur
  • Yasha – A demon with its origins in India that become known in places such as China. They excel at transformation and use of yōkai techniques. Those forms range from lions, elephants, hermits, with either one eye or three eyes, they can use varied forms. In Japan they are similar to ogres.
  • ogre
  • trolls
  • orcs
  • Giants
  • cyclops
  • kraken
  • Lamia (part human, part snake)
  • Dullahan – Irish unseelie fairy, headless rider.
  • Will-o-Wisp
  • Nymph
  • Pixie
  • Imp – A mischievous mythological being similar to a fairy or goblin.
  • Kelpie, or water kelpie, is the Scots name given to a shape-shifting water spirit inhabiting the lochs and pools of Scotland. It has usually been described as appearing as a horse, but is able to adopt human form. – article
  • Leviathan – a large sea monster
  • Elf: Dökkálfar Norse dark elves, Ljósálfar Norse light elves, Svartalfar Norse for “black elves”;
  • Dwarf
  • Gnome
  • Leprechaun: Kabouter – The Dutch word for gnome or leprechaun; Clurichaun – Irish fairy resembling a leprechaun;
  • Haltija – A spirit, gnome, or elf-like creature in Finnish mythology that guards, helps, or protects something or somebody.
  • Hobbit – A fictional, diminutive, humanoid race who inhabit the lands of Middle-earth in J. R. R. Tolkien’s fiction.
  • Black Grim / Black Dog
  • Nekomata -a Yokai cat – A Nekomata is a Cat that has grown old and turned into a Youkai, walking on its hind legs with a tail that’s split into two. The Nekomata is frequently confused with the Bakeneko, another cat Youkai that doesn’t have a split tail.
  • Bakeneko – a Yokai cat
  • Mermaids and Mermen / Seiren – half woman/man, half fish being
  • Succubus (woman) and Incubus (man)
  • Pan / Faun – is a mythological half human–half goat (from the head to the waist being human, but with the addition of goat horns) manifestation of forest and animal spirits that would help or hinder humans at whim. Usually half man-half goat
  • Satyr / Satyress
  • Doppleganger
  • Leannan, Leannan si or “Leanan sídhe” are a type of vampire that consume the blood of human men and in return grant them talents in the arts. It is said that poets that die young are the work of the Leannan si.
  • Onimodoki are a variant of shape-shifting monster that can duplicate a monster’s feature at will. Unlike the Doppelgangers, however, they do not have the ability to mimic the monster’s powers and abilities. At the same time, they do not require physical contact to transform to the monster they wish to be.
  • Changling
  • Gremlin
  • Goblin / Obake : Kallikantzaroi A malevolent goblin;
  • Hobgoblin
  • Gashadokuro – A giant skeleton that is the spirit of the unburied dead. Also known as Gaikotsu.
  • yadoriko – example Mimi from Children who Chase Lost Voices
  • Genie / Dijinn / Jinn – elemental creatures; Are supernatural creatures in early Arabian and later Islamic mythology and theology. An individual member of the jinn is known as a jinni, djinni, or genie (الجني, al-jinnī). They are mentioned frequently in the Quran (the 72nd sura is titled Sūrat al-Jinn) and other Islamic texts. The Quran says that the jinn are made of a smokeless and “scorching fire”, but are also physical in nature, being able to interact in a tactile manner with people and objects and likewise be acted upon. The jinn, humans, and angels make up the three known sapient creations of God. Like human beings, the jinn can be good, evil, or neutrally benevolent and hence have free will like humans. The shaytan jinn are akin to demons in Christian tradition, but the jinn are not angels and the Quran draws a clear distinction between the two creations. The Quran states in Sūrat al-Kahf (The Cave), Ayah 50, that Iblis (Azazel) is one of the jinn. – article
  • Chimeras – The Chimaera, who was not a human being, but a goddess, for she had the head of a lion and the tail of a serpent, while her body was that of a goat, and she breathed forth flames of fire; but Bellerophon slew her, for he was guided by signs from heaven. – article
  • Ōnamazu or Giant Catfish; said to dwell underground causing earthquakes, said to be quelled by the god Takemikazuchi
  • The rabbit aided by Ōkuninushi, and the wani (crocodile, modern scholars assume it to be a type of shark) that flayed it.
  • Yatagarasu[八咫烏], a three-legged crow which guided the way to Emperor Jimmu. (In China, such a bird is said to dwell in the sun, and may be related to sunspots; cf. Moon rabbit)
  • Kinshi[金鵄], blindingly bright golden kite that aided Jimmu; it may be a double of the crow.
  • Yato-no-kami
  • Kechibi – Fireballs with human faces inside.
  • Phoenix
  • Rokurokubi – A person, usually female, whose neck can stretch indefinitely
  • Monstrel – Type of hybrid ayashi with unclear ancestors. Among all the ayashi, majority are outcast ayashi with different types and abilities. Most of them have the ability of transforming their body parts into weapons or performing different skills with their body.
  • Jiangshi – Also known as a Chinese “hopping” vampire, ghost, or zombie, is a type of reanimated corpse in Chinese legends and folklore. “Jiangshi” is read goeng-si in Cantonese, cương thi in Vietnamese, gangshi in Korean and kyonshī in Japanese. It is typically depicted as a stiff corpse dressed in official garments from the Qing Dynasty, and it moves around by hopping, with its arms outstretched. It kills living creatures to absorb their qi, or “life force”, usually at night, while in the day, it rests in a coffin or hides in dark places such as caves. – article
  • Yuki Otoko / Yeti / Abominable snowman – similar to BigFoot. In Japanese folklore, the Yuki Onna/Snow woman are a purely female race, while Yuki Otoko/Snow man, refers to a yeti in Japanese.
  • MadSlug – a slug monster
  • Porcupine monster – usually a pet
  • Mukadegami – A well-known giant centipede-like demon in Japan and China. It can grow to a few tens of meters and it’s appearance can be quite frightening. It is often described as an demon that harms humans, having voracious appetite and eating humans and livestock.
  • Yakshini – (Sanskrit: याक्षिणि, also known as Yakshi and Yakkhini in Pali) are mythical beings of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology. Yakshini (Yakshi) is the female counterpart of the male Yaksha, and they are attendees of Kubera, the Hindu god of wealth who rules in the mythical Himalayan kingdom of Alaka. They are the guardians of the treasure hidden in the earth and resemble fairies.- article
  • Spriggan – Were depicted as grotesquely ugly, and were said to be found at old ruins and barrows guarding buried treasure and generally acting as fairy bodyguards. They were also said to be busy thieves. Though usually small, they had the ability to swell to enormous size (they were sometimes speculated to be the ghosts of the old giants). Often called a Dark or Fallen Fairy – article
  • Bigfoot, Yeti, Fouke Monster, Sasquatch, Skunk Ape
  • Charybdis – Was a sea monster, later rationalised as a whirlpool and considered a shipping hazard in the Strait of Messina. – article
  • Scylla – Was a sea monster who worked with Charybdis. Those avoiding Charybdis would fall prey to Scylla and vice versa. – article
  • Huldra Seductive forest creature found in Scandinavian folklore.
  • Kobold
  • Rusalka
  • Cotton Flies – feed on the cold in the air and produce fur like cotton, similar to the wool of a sheep

 

Tsukimono (憑き物, “possessing beings”) – ” In Japan’s case, these evil spirits were thought to take the shape of animals: dogs, badgers, and especially foxes. These tsukimono (憑き物, “possessing beings”) took possession of people in their search for food or other creature comforts. Families who owned tsukimono were known as tsukimono-suji (憑き物筋) or tsukimono-zukai (憑き物使い). In these cases, the tsukimono could have a beneficial impact on their handlers, bringing wealth and prosperity. And on the flip side, they were thought to bring illness and bad luck to anyone the owners dislike. This resulted in the families being feared and respected, but also ostracized.” – article


Inanimate Objects
– many come to life once they reach 100 years old

  • tea pot
  • Kyōrinrin – Possessed scrolls or papers, wall scroll monster
  • Kasa-obake – A possessed paper umbrella monster. One legged umbrella.
  • Ungaikyo – A possessed mirror


Women

  • Amazake-babaa – An old woman who asks for sweet sake and brings disease
  • Aonyōbō – A female ghost who lurks in an abandoned imperial palace.
  • Arikura-no-baba – An old woman with magical powers
  • Banshee – The Irish banshee (Irish Gaelic bean sí or Scottish Gaelic bean shìth, which both mean “woman of the fairy mound”) is sometimes described as a ghost. – article
  • Datsue-ba – An old woman in the Underworld who removes clothes (or skin if unclothed) of the dead
  • Futakuchi-onna – The two-mouthed woman
  • Gorgon – a female creature; the term commonly refers to any of three sisters who had hair made of living, venomous snakes, as well as a horrifying visage that turned those who beheld her to stone.  Medusa,  Stheno, and Euryale from Greek Mythology
  • Harionago – A woman with a thorn-like barb on the tip of each strand of her hair
  • Harpy/Harpies – face of a woman with a bird like body
  • Hikeshibaba – An old woman who extinguishes lanterns
  • Hone-onna – A skeleton-woman
  • Kiyohime – A woman who transformed into a serpent demon out of the rage of unrequited love
  • Kubikajiri – Female corpse-chewing graveyard spirit.
  • Kuchisake-onna – The slit-mouthed woman
  • Mu-onna – The nothing woman
  • Nure-onna – A female snake-like monster who appears on the shore.
  • Oiwa – The ghost of a woman with a distorted face who was murdered by her husband. One of the most famous onryō
  • Sazae-oni – A turban snail that turns into a woman
  • Siren
  • Taka-onna – A female monster that can stretch its waist to peer inside buildings.
  • Ubume – The spirit of a woman who died in childbirth
  • Umi-nyōbō – A female sea monster who steals fish.
  • Yuki-onna – The snow woman

 


 

Anime Series that you can catch many of these creatures in:
Aa Megami-sama – goddesses, gods,
Actually, I am (Jitsu wa Watashi wa) – vampires, aliens, demons, gods, wolfman/werewolf/werebeast, succubus
A Centaur’s Life / Centaur’s Worries – centaurs, angels, mermaids
A Certain Magical Index / Toaru Majutsu no Index – magic, golems, witches/wizards
A Dark Rabbit has Seven Lives / Itsuka Tenma no Kuro Usagi – vampire,
Aesthetica of a Rogue Hero / Hagure Yuusha no Estetica – demons, superpowers
Ah! My Goddess; Oh! My Goddess – goddesses, heaven, demons/devils, angels,
Akame ga Kill – magic, demons,
Akashic Records of Bastard Magic Instructor / Rokudenashi Majutsu Koushi to Akashic Records – magic, wizards,
A Letter to Momo / Momo e no Tegami – yokai
Alice Academy
Attack on Titan – giants
Bakemonogatari, Nisemonogatari, Monogatari – yokai
Beyond the Boundary – yokai
Black Butler – demons, shinigami
Black Blood Brothers – vampires, werewolf
Bleach – shinigami, spirits, soul reapers, werewolf, demons,
Blood Blockade Battlefront / Kekkai Sensen, Bloodline (Blood Blockade) Battlefront & Beyond / Kekkai Sensen & Beyond – vampire, werewolf, ghost, demons, paranormal
Blood Lad – vampires, werewolf,
Blood the last Vampire – vampires
Blood+ – vampires
Blood-C, Blood-C: The Last Dark – vampires
Bloodivores – vampires
Blue Exorcist / Ao no Exorcist – yokai, demons
Campione! – werewolf
Card Captor Sakura – tarot cards (clow cards), spirits, magic, familiars, wizards
Cat Planet Cuties – humanoid cats
Ceres: Celestial Maiden – goddess, heaven
Chaika the coffin princess
Children Who Chase Lost Voices movie – Yadoriko
Chrono Crusade – demons
Corpse Princess /  Shikabane Hime – shinigami, zombies,
Cuticle Detective Inaba / Cuticle Tantei Inaba – werewolves, chimeras, yokai, demons,
D. Gray-man
Diabolik Lovers – vampires
Dance in the Vampire Bund – vampires, werewolves, werecat
Date-a-live – superpowers
Day Break Illusion – tarot cards, werewolf, demons,
Death Note – shinigami
Descendants of Darkness / Yami no Matsuei – shinigami, vampires,
Demon Prince Enma – yokai
The Devil is a Part Timer! / Hataraku Maou-sama! – devil, demons
Devil Hunter Yohko – demons
Devils and Realists –  
Diabolik Lovers – vampires,
Don Dracula / Tezuka Osamu no Don Dracula – vampire, Igor,
Doraemon: Nobita’s Great Mermaid Naval Battle – mermaids
Dracula: Sovereign of the Damned / Yami no Teio: Kyuuketsuki Dracula – vampire, demons,
Durarara! (DRRR!) – dullahan, demon,
Elegant Yokai Apartment Life – yokai
Etotama – gods,goddesses, yokai, spirits of the zodiac
Everyday Tales of a Cat God – humaniod cat god, gods
Fairy Musketeers – magic, werewolves,
Fairy Tail – dragons, demons
Folktales from Japan
Fortune Arterial: Akai Yakusoku – vampire,
Fox Spirit Matchmaker
Fruits Basket – spirits of the chinese zodiac
Full Metal Alchemist – chimeras, demons
Full Moon wo Sagashite – shinigami
Gankutsuou and The Count of Monte Cristo
Ga-Rei-Zero – yokai
GeGeGe no Kitarou, Hakaba Kitaro – yokai
Gingitsune: Messenger Fox of the Gods – yokai
Gintama
Ghost Hunt – ghost
Ghost Stories – yokai
Ghost Sweeper Mikami – paranormal investigations and eliminations
Gun-dou Musashi – yokai
Gungrave – zombies,
Gugure! Kokkuri-san – foxes, yokai
Guardians of Luna – werewolves,  (manga with a movie on the way)
GYO: Tokyo Fish Attack – zombies,
Haitai Nanafa – yokai
Hakuouki / Hakuoki ~Demon of the Fleeting Blossom~ – vampire, demons, 
Hana Kappa
– kappa, yokai
Hell Girl / Jigoku Shoujo – yokai
Hellsing, Hellsing: Ultimate – vampires, zombies, ghouls
Heaven’s Lost Property – angels, gods, superpowers
Hentai Prince and Stoney Cat –
High School DxD
– devils, demons, fallen angels
High School of the Dead – zombies
Hiiro no Kakera: The Tamayori Princess Saga – yokai
Hipira: The Little Vampire – vampire, ghosts, spirits, demons,
Holy Knight – vampire
Honto ni Atta! Reibai-Sensei – yokai
Hyper Police – werewolf,
Inari Kon KonInari, Konkon, Koi Iroha. – yokai, gods, goddesses, kitsune,
Interviews with Monster Girls
Inu x Boku – yokai: fox, raccoon, oni, skeleton
Inu Yasha – half demon, demons, yokai, two tailed cat,
Inukami! – yokai
Is This a Zombie? – zombie, necromancer, vampire, magical girl
JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure – vampire,
Judge / Yami no Shihosha Judge – yokai
K – magic, supernatural
Kabaneri of the Iron Fortress / Koutetsujou no Kabaneri – zombies
Kaiketsu Zorori – yokai, fox, werewolf, demons,
Kakurenbo – demons
Kamisama Kiss – yokai, dragon, kitsune,
Kannagi: Crazy Shrine Maidens – gods, goddesses,
Kanokon – yokai: fox, wolf, frog, weasel, bear; snow woman,
Kappa no Kaikata – yokai
Karas – yokai
Karin – vampire
Kekkaishi – yokai, demons, werewolf
Kemono Friends – werebeasts, animal girls
Kimera – vampire, supernatural
Kurozuka – vampire,
Legend of Duo – vampire, god,
Legendz: Tale of the Dragon Kings – demons, yokai, werewolf,
Letter Bee
The Little Judge from Hell / Dororon Enma-kun – yokai
Lunar Legend Tsukihime / Shingetsutan Tsukihime – vampires
Madoka Magica / Puella Puella Madoka Magica – witches, familiars, demons
Magi: The Labyrinth of Magic – genies, magic, demons, monster
Magical Pokan / Magipoka – werewolf, magic, witch, vampire, android
Maria the Virgin Witch – witches, familiars, magic, succubus, incubus
Master Mosquiton – vampire, demons, traditional monsters,
Matoi the Sacred Slayer – spirits, yokai
Mayou – devil, demons, magic
Mermaid Forest – mermaids
Mermaid Melody / Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch Pure  – mermaids
Mermaid’s Scar – mermaids
Modern Magic Made Simple – witches, magic, demon
Momo: The Girl God of Death – shinigami
Monogatari series: yokai, mermaids, vampires, devils, demons, phoenix, spirits, etc. (Bakemonogatari, Kizumonogatari, Nisemonogatari, Nekomonogatari, Kabukimonogatari, Hanamonogatari, Otorimonogatari, Onimonogatari, Koimonogatari, Tsukimonogatari, Koyomimonogatari)
Moon Phase / Tsukuyomi – vampires
Monster Musume – yokai, half woman half creatures such as Harpy, Jorōgumo, Centaur, Lamia, slime/amoeba like creature, zombie, cyclops, orge, doppelganger, dyrad, devil/demon, orcs, dragonnewt
Monster Rancher / Monster Farm: Enbanseki no Himitsu, Monster Farm: Legend e no Michi – werewolf, monsters, yokai,
Murder Princess
Muromi-san / Namiuchigiwa no Muromi-san – mermaids
Mushi-Shi – spirits
My Bride is a Mermaid – mermaids
My Monster Secret / Jitsu wa Watashi wa – werewolf, yokai, demon, vampire,
My Neighbor Totoro movie – spirits, soot sprites
Naruto, Naruto: Shippuuden  – kitsune, yokai, demons, tanuki,
Natsumi’s Book of Friends – yokai
Negima – magic, familiar, wizard, vampire, android,
Nightwalker: The Midnight Detective – vampire,
Ningyo – mermaid
Noblesse: Awakening – vampires
No Game, No Life – werebeasts, goddesses, gods, yokai, elf, dwarf, fairy, demon, dragon, sieren/mermaids, dhampir, flugel/angels, phantasma, ex-machina/cyborg/android
Noragami – gods, goddesses, spirits, yokai, demons,
Nura: Rise of the Yokai / Nurarihyon no Mago – yokai, demon
Nyan-Koi – cat god, spirits, gods, goddesses,
Nyanpire The Animation – vampire, cats
Omamori Himari – yokai
Omishi Magical Theater Risky Safety – witches, shinigami,
Orenchi no Furo Jijou – mermaids
Our Home’s Fox Diety / Wagaya no Oinari-sama – fox yokai, yokai, gods, guardians, oni, werewolves, mizuchi, mamorime
Outbreak Company
Overlord – werewolf,
Panty and Stocking with Garterbelt – demons, devils, angels,
Parasyte the Maxim
Phantom Quest Corps – paranormal investigations and eliminations
Pom Poko movie – tanuki, kitsune
Ponyo movie – spirits?
Princess Mononoke movie – spirits, yokai, giant wolf
Princess Resurrection – werewolves, vampire, yokai, demons,
Ranma 1/2 – yokai
Renkin San-kyuu Magical? Pokaan – vampire, werewolf, witch, android
Rosario + Vampire / Rosario to Vampire, Rosario + Vampire Capu – vampires, snow woman, yokai/youkai, witches, traditional monsters, werewolf
Saban’s Adventures of the Little Mermaid – mermaids
Sailor Moon / Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon – the lake monster yokai and had various monster-of-the-day, demons, magical girls, witches, magic, familiars, aliens
Sankarea – zombie
School-Live! /  Gakkougurashi! – zombies,
School Rumble – kappa
Sekirei – superpowers, special abilities
Seraph of the End / Owari no Seraph – vampires, fallen angels, demons, angels
Servamp – familiar, vampire, magic, witch, demons,
Seto no Hanayome – mermaids
Seven Deadly Sins / Nanatsu no Taizai – demons, sorcerers, magic, familiars, giants, goddesses, fairies, wizards, zombie, druids, werefox, golems
Sheep’s Song / Hitsuji no Uta – vampire,
Shigofumi: Letters from the Departed
Shiki – vampire,
Shonen Onmyoji – yokai
Shuffle! – demons, gods
Soul Eater – shinigami, demons, reapers, werewolf, zombie,
Soul Eater Not! – shinigami, demons, reapers, zombie,
Spice and Wolf / Ookami to Koushinryou – wolf diety
Spirited Away – spirits, dragons, witches, soot sprites
Spiritpact
Squid Girl – squid people, yokai
Strike the Blood – vampires,
Summer Days with Coo / Kappa no Coo to Natsuyasumi – kappa, yokai
Sunday Without God / Kami-sama no Inai Nichiyoubi – zombies,
Taboo Tattoo
Tactics – yokai, demons
Tayutama – fox yokai, spirits,
Tenchi Muyo/Universe – demon, magic, gods
The Ancient Magus’ Bride – sorcerers, witches, wizards, banshee, fairy/fairies, dragons, yokai, spirits, vampire, centaur, changling
The Count of Monte Cristo and Gankutsuou
The Empire of Corpses / Shisha no Teikoku – zombies
The Eccentric Family – tanuki, magic, tengu
The Testament of Sister New Devil
This Boy Caught a Merman / Kono Danshi, Ningyo Hiroimashita. – mermaids
Tokyo Ghoul – ghosts, yokai, demons, zombies, ghouls
To-Love Ru – demons
Toriko – giant wolf
Touhou Gensou Mangekyou: The Memories of Phantasm, Touhou Niji Sousaku Doujin, Anime Tenchou x Touhou Project – yokai
Tokkou – zombies,
Tokimeki Tonight – werewolf, vampire, half-breed,
Touhou Project / Touhou Anime Project – spirits, were-beasts, magical girls, (it is a video game) Doujin (fan-made)
Trinity Blood – vampires, androids,
Lunar Legend Tsukihime / Shingetsutan Tsukihime – vampires
Twilight of the Dark Master – werewolf,
Twin Star Exorcists
Uta-Kata – diijin, magic, familiar
Vampire Holmes – vampires, familiar, demon cat, demons,
Vampire Hunter D – vampires
Vampire Knight, Vampire Knight Guilty – vampires
Vampire Princess Miyu / Kyuuketsuhime Miyu – vampires, yokai
Vassalord. – cyborg vampire
Vie Durant – vampire,
Wild Arms: Twilight Venom – vampire, familiar, magic,
Witchblade – demons, superpowers
Witch Hunter Robin – witches
Wolf Children / Ookami Kodomo no Ame to Yuki movie – werewolves
Wolf Guy – werewolf
Wolf’s Rain – werewolves
The World God Only Knows – demons, goddesses,
xxxHolic – spirits, yokai, supernatural
Yamada-kun and the Seven Witches – supernatural, witches, super powers
Yamishibai: Japanese Ghost Stories
Yokai Watch – yokai
Yuki Yuna is a Hero – magical girls, magic
You’re Being Summoned, Azazel – yokai, demons, mermaid, pan,
Yozakura Quartet – yokai, orge, satori, gods, vampire-mermaid,
YuYu Hakusho – demons, yokai, shinigami, kitsune,
Zakuro / Otome Youkai Zakuro – half fox half human yokai, yokai, spirits
Zombie-Loan – zombies, werewolf,

 


 

Manga Only Series that you can catch many of these creatures in:
Aion / Hekikai no AiON – mermaids
Battle Angel Alita – werewolf,
Black Bird – tengu
Bride of the Water God – gods, dragon
Circumstances of a Vegetarian Werewolf – werewolves,
Crescent Moon – werewolf, vampire
Diary of a Fallen Vampire – vampires
Evyione / Evyione: Ocean Fantasy – mermaids
Guardians of Luna – werewolves,  (manga with a movie on the way)
He’s My Only Vampire – vampires, werewolves
Junketsu Ningyo – mermaids
Kaikisen – mermaids
Maigo no Kemonotachi – mermaids
Men are Wolves? – werewolf,
Mermaid Saga – mermaids
Millennium Snow – werewolf
Monster Soul – werewolf, yokai, demons,
Moon Child / Tsuki no Ko – mermaids
Noblesse: Awakening (web manga) – vampire, frankenstein,
PhD: Phantasy Degree – werewolf
Princess Mermaid – mermaids
Spriggan – werewolf
The Tarot Cafe – werewolf, tarot cards,
Three Wolves Mountain – werewolves
Tokyo Deadline – werewolf
Usagi Yojimbo – kitsune
Wasurene no Language – mermaids
Watashi no Ookami-kun / That Wolf Boy is Mine – kitsune, tanuki, wolf
Werewolf Girl American – werewolf
Wolf Guy – Ookami no Monshou – werewolves

 


 

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Links/References:
Many members in the community have contributed information to this article for your enjoyment.

List of Legendary Creatures by type – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_legendary_creatures_by_type

List of Legendary Creatures from Japan  – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_legendary_creatures_from_Japan

List of Japanese deities – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Japanese_deities
Goddess/God Anime with clips – http://www.ranker.com/list/best-goddesses-anime/reference
Japanese Mythology – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_mythology

Chinese Mythology – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_mythology

Witchcraft in Japan: The Roots of Magical Girls – http://japanistas.com/en/archives/65500

Druids – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Druid
Druid Beliefs – http://www.druidry.org/druid-way/druid-beliefs
Druid in Anime – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/druid-windaria/similar

Hyakumonogatari Kaidankai – http://hyakumonogatari.com/ – Translated Japanese ghost stories and tales of the weird and strange

A History of Fox Beliefs – http://inari.garunya.com/
Kitsune, Coyote of the Orient – http://ranea.org/watts/writing/kitsune.html
Kitsune Classifications – http://www.coyotes.org/kitsune/kitsune-classification.html
Kitsune – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitsune
The Fox’s Wedding – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitsune_no_yomeiri
Yako – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yako_(fox)
Kitsune Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/kitsune

Bake-danuki / Tanuki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bake-danuki#Bake-danuki
Shibaemon-tanuki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shibaemon-tanuki
Yashima no Hage-tanuki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashima_no_Hage-tanuki
Danzaburou-danuki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danzaburou-danuki

Tengu – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tengu
Tengu Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/tengu
Karasu Tengu Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/karasu-tengu

Kappa – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kappa_(folklore)
Kappa – http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-feature/2015/07/27/feature-monster-mondays-the-kappa
Kappa Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/kappa

Mizuchi dragon – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizuchi

Shinigami – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinigami
Anime previews with Shinigami – http://www.ranker.com/list/best-shinigami-anime/reference
Shingami Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/shinigami

Yūrei – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C5%ABrei

Oni – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oni

Crunchyroll Monster Mondays – http://www.crunchyroll.com/newsfeed/tag/monster+mondays

Yokai.com – http://yokai.com/
Yokai-a-day – http://matthewmeyer.net/blog/tags/a-yokai-a-day/
Yōkai – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C5%8Dkai
The Yokai Files – http://totaljapandemonium.wordpress.com/category/yokai/
The Hengeyokai of Japan – http://www.pvv.ntnu.no/~leirbakk/rpg/adnd/society/adnd_society_oriental.html
Obake / Bakemono – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obake
Yokai Characters in Anime – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/youkai

Jorogumo Characters – yokai spider – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/jorogumo

 

Karakasa-obake – Umbrella one legged monster – http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-feature/2015/08/10/feature-monster-mondays-karakasa-obake-one-legged-umbrella
Karakasa-obake Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/karakasa-obake

Nekomata Characters – yokai cat – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/nekomata
Bakeneko Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/bakeneko
Catgirl Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/catgirls

Rokurokubi Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/rokurokubi

Anime/Manga search with these creatures – http://www.anime-planet.com/tags/

Rosario + Vampire Species – http://rosariovampire.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Species

List of Monster Musume characters – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Monster_Musume_characters

How to Watch the Monogatari series – http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-839371/how-to-watch-monogatari-series
Monogatari on Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monogatari_(series)
Bakemonogatari on Wikia – http://bakemonogatari.wikia.com/wiki/Bakemonogatari_Wiki

Anime Demon Characters – http://www.ranker.com/list/best-demon-character-in-anime/ranker-anime

Chimera – http://fma.wikia.com/wiki/Chimera

Characters with Tails – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/tails
Characters with Wings – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/wings
Characters with Animal Ears – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/animal-ears

Dieties / Diety Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/deities

Demon Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/demons

Elf / Elves Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/elves

Fairies / Fairy Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/fairies

Genie Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/genies

Ghost Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/ghosts

Magical Familiars – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/magical-familiars

Mermaid Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/mermaids

Shapeshifter Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/shapeshifters

Supernatural themed anime – http://www.anime-planet.com/anime/tags/supernatural

Touhou Project – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touhou_Project

Leannan in Mahou Tsukai no Yome / Ancient Magus’ Bride – http://mahou-tsukai-no-yome.wikia.com/wiki/Leannan

Undead Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/undead

Vampire Anime – http://myanimelist.net/anime/genre/32/Vampire
Vampire Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/vampires

Werewolves in Anime & Manga characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/werewolves
Werewolves Anime – I love Werewolves – http://ilovewerewolves.com/werewolves-anime/
Wolf Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/wolves

Zombie Anime  – http://myanimelist.net/featured/1400
Zombie Characters – http://www.anime-planet.com/characters/tags/zombies

30 Strangest Powers, Abilities in Anime – article

Supernatural beings in Slavac Folklore – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supernatural_beings_in_Slavic_folklore

Roman and Greek Mythology:
– http://www.pantheon.org/miscellaneous/roman_vs_greek.html
– http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/fl/Table-of-Roman-Equivalents-of-Greek-Gods.htm
– https://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/ARTH209/gods_greek_roman.html
– http://www.dummies.com/education/history/world-history/gods-and-goddesses-of-greek-and-roman-mythology/
– http://www.talesbeyondbelief.com/roman-gods/roman-gods-index.htm
– http://rickriordan.com/extra/meet-the-greek-gods/
– http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0881990.html

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